Indian geography is one of the most sought after areas of study. Studying Indian geography can help you gain a better understanding of the country, its people and its culture. One of the most important things to remember is that when it comes to geography, India is a vast and expansive country. The country stretches all the way from the northernmost border of Pakistan to the southernmost border of Sri Lanka. This makes it a difficult country to cover. However, Indian geography has a few key points that you should focus on. One of the most important is that India is a country of contrasts. This means that you will find that there are vast differences in the land, people and culture. India is a land of diversity and that is what makes it so interesting.
Indian Geography- General Knowledge
Q1: Which river is called the “Sorrow of Bengal”?
Q2: The river Ganga emerges from Gangotri Glacier and ends at?
Ans: Bay of Bengal
Q3: India’s first Jute mill was established in 1855 at?
Q4: How many countries share India’s Terrestrial border?
Q5: India is situated on which continent?
Q6: Guwahati is situated on the banks of which river?
Q7: In which state is the Khardung-La mountain pass located?
Ans: Jammu Kashmir
Q8: India is located in which hemisphere?
Ans: North Eastern hemisphere
Q9: What is the total area of India?
Ans: 3.28 million km square
Q10: Which water body separates Andaman and Nicobar Island?
Ans: 10 Degree channel
Q11: What is the percentage of geographical area of India as compared to world?
Q12: India’s only gold field or gold mine is located at? it
Q13: In which place is the only beige volcano in India located?
Ans: Baratang Island
Q14: Which iron is best based on iron content?
Q15: Forest Research Institute is located at?
Q16: What is the rank of India in world in terms of area?
Q17: Which is the oldest mountain range of India?
Ans: Aravalli range
Q18: Silviculture is related to?
Ans: Development of forest
Q19: What is the highest peak in South India?
Q20: Which countries separated from India through the narrow Palk Strait?
Ans: Sri Lanka
Q21: Rangpo-Sivok rail line connects which two states?
Ans: Sikkim and West Bengal
Q22: Red Cliff line is a boundary line between?
Ans: India and Pakistan
Q23: What is the rank of India in the world in terms of population?
Q24: The first coal mine in India is?
Ans: Raniganj (established in 1744)
Q25: What is the name of India’s largest also world’s largest river Island?
Ans: Majuli Island
Q26: Where is Majuli Island located in India?
Q27: Name the river which makes the world largest river Island?
Ans: Brahmaputra river
Q28: Which state has the largest coastline in India?
Ans: Gujarat (1596km)
Q29: What is the name of India’s highest dam?
Ans: Tehri Dam (256 m) on Bhagirathi River
Q30: Which city is known as the “Manchester of India”?
Q31: The eastern coast of India is known as?
Ans: Coromandel Coast
Q32: Chota Nagpur Plateau is spread along Jharkhand and in which states?
Ans: Odisha, West Bengal & Chhattisgarh
Q33:In India, which city is called heaven on earth?
Q34: What is the length of India from north to south?
Ans: 3214 kms
Q35: What is the width of India from east to west?
Ans: 2933 kms
Q36: What is the latitude extent of India?
Ans: 8 degree 4 minutes to 37 degree 6minutes North
Q37: Which is the longest road in India?
Ans: Grand Trunk Road
Q38: The Kachin Hills form the border with which country of India?
Q39: What is the longitudinal extent of India?
Ans: 68 degree 7 minute to 97 degree 25 minutes East
Q40: Name the southernmost point of India mainland?
Ans: Kanyakumari (Cape Camorin)
Q41: What is the latitude of India’s southernmost point Kanyakumari?
Ans: 8 degree 4 minutes North
Q42: The chief Indian newsprint manufacturing mill is at?
Ans: Nepanagar (Madhya Pradesh)
Q43: In which place is the Indian Barani Agricultural Research Center located?
Q44: What is the latitude number of Indira Point?
Ans: 6 degree 5 minutes North
Q45: Which is India’s longest Dam?
Ans: Hirakud Dam ( Mahanadi river in Orissa)
Q46: Which is India’s longest bridge?
Ans: Bogibeel bridge (Brahmaputra river in Assam)
Q47: Who is known as the “Father of white revolution” in India?
Ans: Dr. V. Kurien
Q48: Muga Silk is produced by which only state in India?
Q49: Name the India longest river (Lenght wise)?
Ans: Ganga (2510 kms)
Q50: Name the India largest river (Volume wise)?
Q51: Name India’s highest waterfall?
Ans: Jog(Gersoppa) water fall in Karnataka on Saravati River
Q52: Which is India’s longest canal?
Ans: Indira Gandhi canal or Rajasthan canal
Q53: Which is the India’s longest beach
Ans: Marina (Chennai)
Q54: Which state of India has the second longest coastline?
Ans: Andhra Pradesh (974 km)
Q55: Which is India’s highest peak?
Q56: Which is the highest peak of the Himalayas in India?
Q57: What is the name of India’s largest desert?
Ans: Thar Desert in Rajasthan
Q58: Which is India’s coldest place?
Ans: Drass in Jammu Kashmir
Q59: Which is India’s hottest place?
Ans: Briyawali in Rajasthan
Q60: Which is India’s largest union territory?
Ans: Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Q61: Andaman and Nicobar are separated by which channel?
Ans: Ten Degree Channel
Q62: Which is the highest peak of Andaman and Nicobar Island?
Ans: Saddle Peak (Northern Andaman)
Q63: The layer where the decrease in temperature with increasing altitude is totally absent in?
Q64: What is the capital of India?
Ans: New Delhi
Q65: Which is the largest state in India by area?
Ans: Rajasthan (342,239 sq km)
Q66: What is the name of India’s southernmost Tip?
Ans: Indira Point
Q67: Which is the smallest state in India by area?
Ans: Goa (3702 km sq)
Q68: What is the name of the international boundary between India and Pakistan?
Ans: Redcliffe line
Q69: What is the name of the international boundary between China and India?
Ans: Mcmohan Line
Q70: Which state has the largest population in India?
Ans: Uttar Pradesh (232 Million)
Q71: Which state has the lowest population in India?
Ans: Sikkim (7 Lakhs)
Q72: Which is the most populous city in India?
Ans: India (23 Million)
Q73: What is the name of India’s also world’s wettest place?
Ans: Mawsynram (Meghalaya)
Q74: Which is India’s only active volcano area?
Ans: Barren Island
Q75: Name India’s largest also world’s largest delta?
Ans: Sundarbans delta ( West Bengal)
Q76: What is the longitudinal number of Indian Standard Time (IST)?
Ans: 82.5 East
Q77: How many longitudes are passing through India?
Q78: Which imaginary line divides India into two equal parts?
Ans: Tropic of Cancer
Q79: What is the total Frontier length of India?
Ans: 15200 kms approx
Q80: Name the four states of India that touches Pakistan border?
Ans: Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Gujarat, and Rajasthan
Q81: Which is the largest district in India by area?
Ans: Kutch (45,674 sq km)
Q82: Which is the smallest district of India by area?
Ans: Mahe (9 sq km in Pondicherry)
Q83: Which state has the highest literacy rate in India?
Ans: Kerala (93.91%)
Q84: Which State has the lowest literacy rate in India?
Ans: Bihar (63.82%)
Q85: Indian standard time is ahead of Greenwich Mean Time by?
Ans: 5.30 Hours
Q86: Indian standard time is taken from which place?
Ans: Naini near Allahabad ( Uttar Pradesh)
Q87: Which neighboring country of India shares its longest boundary?
Ans: Bangladesh (4096 km)
Q88: What is the total number of state and union territories of India?
Ans: 29 states and 7 union territories
Q89: Telangana is formed by separation from which state?
Ans: Andhra Pradesh
Q90: Tropic of Cancer passes through how many states?
Ans: 8 (Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura, Mizoram)
Q91: Where in India first metro rail was started?
Ans: Kolkata (24th October 1984)
Q92: Which state of India touches the maximum number of neighboring states?
Ans: Uttar Pradesh (8 states)
Q93: Name the only state of India touching the border of Afghanistan?
Ans: Jammu and Kashmir
Q94: Who was the first Indian astronaut to go to space?
Ans: Rakesh Sharma ( 2nd April 1984)
Q95: What is the name of the international boundary between India and Afghanistan?
Ans: Durand Line
Q96: In which state Pir Panjal pass is located?
Ans: Jammu Kashmir
Q97: Who was the first Indian woman to go to space?
Ans: Kalpana Chawla (19th November 1997)
Q98: In which state Rohtang Pass is situated?
Ans: Himachal Pradesh
Q99: Which Indian state is known as “Land of five rivers”?
Ans:Punjab (Jhelum, Chenab,, Ravi, Sutlej, and Beas)
Q100: Jawahar Tunnel is situated in which pass?
Ans: Banihal pass